Delayed Systemic Recurrence of Uveal Melanoma

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6/26/2012 3:41pm
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Posted on behalf of edamaser:

Delayed Systemic Recurrence of Uveal Melanoma

Kolandjian, Nathalie A. BA; Wei, Caimiao PhD; Patel, Sapna P. MD; Richard, Jessica L. ANP; Dett, Tina FNP; Papadopoulos, Nicholas E. MD; Bedikian, Agop Y. MDAbstract

Context: Metastatic uveal melanoma recurrence after >=10 years is not well studied in the clinical literature. This study describes the clinical characteristics and natural history of patients with delayed tumor recurrence.

Objective: To describe the characteristics of patients with delayed systemic recurrence of uveal melanoma and the natural history of the disease after recurrence.

Evidence Acquisition: This is a chart review of patients treated between 1994 and 2008 at The University of Texas, MD Anderson Cancer Center for uveal melanoma whose disease recurred >=10 years after treatment of the primary tumor.

Results: Of 463 patients treated for metastatic uveal melanoma, 305 developed systemic recurrence within 5 years from the time of diagnosis of primary melanoma, 97 developed systemic recurrences between 5 and 10 years, whereas 61 patients developed metastasis after >=10 years. The interval between primary to first systemic metastasis was a significant independent predictor of survival time from first systemic metastasis. The median survival time for patients with delayed metastatic recurrence after >=10 years was significantly longer than for patients who had intermediate or early systemic recurrence. Levels of lactate dehydrogenase, serum alkaline phosphatase, serum albumin, age, M-stage, and performance status at time of recurrence, as well as sex were also independent predictors of survival time from systemic recurrence.

Conclusions: Longer time interval between primary and first systemic metastasis is significantly correlated with prolonged survival. Patients who survive >=10 years without tumor metastasis after treatment for primary uveal melanoma cannot be considered cured. Prognosis remains poor for patients with metastatic uveal melanoma.

(C) 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc. 

Well, mine metastasized just two years after primary, and I'm the wrong gender, BUT my LDH never topped 150, even right after IHP, so I'm pinning all my hopes on that little number and whatever other "signs" I care to interpret in my favor.

 

--Tom

Keep Rowing!